»Hello, my deep neural friend.
Let me show you the world«
by Martin Kreitl
Art critique

It has been said that art enables us to find ourselves and lose ourselves simultaneously.

The extent of the truth of that saying by Thomas Merton entirely depends on how one chooses to interpret it. This particular article will be looking at the artwork: “Hello my deep neural friend. Let me show you the world” by Martin Kreitl. Here we will basically be looking at the series that the artist came up with creating one of the some unique combos, bringing together the art of photography with artificial intelligence. We will see how he analyses the process of moving from unknown to known; proving debatable the fact as it had always been, that: learning is much harder than forgetting.


In coming up with the artwork, the artist is keen to note in details how photographs that were taken during a travel then were then presented to an algorithm that can be characterized to the field of artificial intelligence. Its purpose is then try to comprehend the images thorough trying to gain an understanding of them and then to hoard them. The results that were then achieved from this were presented. The artist intends to walk the visitor through the part of the world that he had visited thorough the images that now speak to the soul leaving him not to utter a single word and so, it will be upon the visitor to try and interpret the images. This article also seeks to compare what has been previously done on the same.


From the presentation, the artist was keen to observe the time the algorithm took, moving from the point where nothing was known to getting a good clue of the photograph. Then there was the comparison of this made to the timespan taken from the point of having the clear clue to forgetting. This brought out the latter taking longer than the previous. This he compared to traumatized individuals. The reason for this was used was to show how it actually is in reality and barely noticed as the common consensus whereby it is presumed that learning is generally harder than forgetting, going unquestioned. This form of art could also have been used to understand certain situations that happen and cannot be explained by words but only though images. Sometimes a certain feeling cannot be efficiently conveyed though words and a picture, worth a thousand words, would just do the fit.


The learning process after completion was able to present the results that were from the stored in the algorithm. The photographs were altered to a form that can communicate deeply to art lovers though the interpretation of the algorithm. A remarkable inference was created. For many in the field they were fascinated with how the computers could be taught how to paint. For others however, this remains a threat as they fear looking their jobs to these computers that will be increasingly accurate. In such kind of art, you can barely know what the real picture entailed. Such images speak to the emotions of the viewers.

The art could also be used in psychology to be able to see someone’s emotions. To be able to read through them and see what they could be thinking about – rather the trail of thought.


Compared to other works in the same field, the output of the algorithm in this artwork was finer than when the discovery of this form of art came to be. At the beginning, simply by turning the image up- side- down, one was able to interpret the image. If a random beginner in the art was to stumble upon the page, it would be quite difficult for them to follow. However, the art can speak to them. Only that it would be extremely difficult to interpret. However, it is not entirely useless as it presents artists a point of working together with computers. This is helpful in the art industry. From the title, my deep neural friend’, the artist presumes that those who will be viewing will be those who have knowledge about the neural network, which may not be the case thereby forcing those with no knowledge to have done prior research or fail to understand the art completely. This series also presented a new way of thinking whereby teachers and schools could now adopt the method of teaching using images. More children will be able to lean and retain.


This article has brought to light the deep art that can be generated from paring computer technology with photography. It has also brought deep intense art that can not only be seen but felt too though deep comprehension of art lovers, despite the fact that they may just show as mere blurs to others. The explanation of how the algorithm calculates through its neurons and the ability to store the output has also provided the artist the platform to explain to his audience how all his art transpired. One important lesson not to be forgotten from this art piece is how the production of the art was used to come to an antagonistic state with the generally accepted concept that learning is harder that forgetting. We have seen that once images have been brought in to the image, then forgetting becomes easier said than done. The art then finally depicts the worlds to the universe through a different lens.

Annals of Private History by Amalia Ulman
art critique

The Annals of-Private History by Amalia Ulman is a piece of art that takes the format of a subtitled lecture that explores the history of-the diary and the culture of diary keeping.

This is from when the diary was first invented to its changing form in the modern world we now live in. Key to note is that the modern version of the diary is heavily influenced by various platforms made possible by the internet including Video Blogs commonly referred to as vlogs.

In this piece, Amalia Ulman tries to explain the different aspects and functions of a diary. She does this through the eyes and voice of the narrator and effectively uses both audio (through a female narrator’s voice, tonal variations etc.) and visuals (animations, films, illustrations) to pass across her message.

Description of the piece of art

The Annals of-Private History by Amalia Ulman starts with a question being posed by the narrator asking:

“Is this a meeting or is this a date? Is it early or is it late? Is it early or is it great…with no further evidence with your face raised high…you no longer believe in anything. ”

In the background, sounds of birds chirping can be heard and visually, there is a mixture of graphics and a video of a white bottle with a smiling face kind of a decoration. Key to note is that this sets the pace for the content that the video holds.

Amalia Ulman’s piece of art then quickly transitions from the introductory scene to the next scene, which has a different feel altogether. The background is filled with sound of a busy place with a child’s voice being heard from a distance. Also an Arabic-like kind of music fills the ears and immediately, the audience is thrown into a home like environment.

Against a backdrop of curtains with roses and teddy bears, bold red letters spell out, “YOUNIVERSE” and we know the voice we are hearing is supposed to be one coming from within ourselves (monologue) and not two people having a conversation.

The voice goes ahead to remind us of the things we supposedly did in the past, including dining in an Italian restaurant, which the narrator (the voice) thinks in funny.

At this point we see the photograph of a child writing and are thus signaled to imagine these things we are hearing are not just imaginations but emanate from our own entries to a diary.

Also we can see a rotating padlock and key, which are both symbolic of the secrecy and privacy of the information we wrote down.

As the video proceeds we get to see different words flashed on the screen including; PROTECTION, Levels of TRUST, and a verbal reminder not to take pictures as this is our LITTLE SECRET.

The voice then proposes that we imagine we have entered into a new life, where we already know each other and naturally decide to spend some time together which the voice terms as;

“Creating a perfect burble out of time”

After being asked to close our eyes and make a wish, she instructs us not to tell, but rather;

to keep it all in and suffer in silence’.

History of diaries

We then transition to yet another section of Annals of-Private History as we are led into and fed with information and history of-the diary including the functions it plays.

A flashback kind of effect is used to take us back to the 17th century as videos depicting the household of the Innocentis, which is where the first diary used by 13 year old Lisabetta. We are taken through the pains and frustrations of the young girl who writes down her troubles of having to go through rape and getting infected with a sexually transmitted disease.

The narrator then goes into the details of how gifting girls with diaries came into being. Personal journals and notebooks, she says, were different in context but similar in shape. This was confusing as the diaries boys and girls used were similar.

After two centuries, Harold Scott Wood designs a modern diary with a side padlock helping to make a distinction between the notebooks used by the two genders.

The word PASSWORD is then flashed on the screen and the voice of a man states, “Finally women will stop contaminating public discourse with their inner rambling.”

At this point, the lecture switches to music about my secret journal’.

The element of trust and safety is then re-introduced with an emphasis not to trust anyone.

Towards the end the same is emphasized through the words; “Diaries are swallowed by-the beds girls-write their journals from.”

Annals of-Private History by Amalia Ulman then switches to various vloggers introducing their vlogs (video blogging) and it tackles a myriad of topics including; being a sugar baby, transitioning from male to female, plastic surgery, liposuction, fasting, pregnancy diary etc.

Analysis and Interpretation of the art work

Amalia Ulman in her work Annals of-Private History uses a variety of features which all serve to covey specific ideas and notions. The use of a diary to write down personal information, for example, is presented as a practice reserved for girls and women.

1. The Lock and Key

The lock and key used in the presentation is a depiction of how secretive the content of the diary is to the user as within it include (or might include) emotional and social issues that the writer could be going through. These according to the narrator, were issues that were kept far away from the public arena as they were perceived as an act of; women contaminating public discourse with their inner rambling’ never mind that some of these issues were as serious as rape and inequality.

2. Use of word graphics

The use of words including PASSWORD, TRUST and SAFE all further bring out the whole secretive and privacy nature of society towards issues that should be brought to the forefront and addressed.

At the end of the video, we are told that;

“Diaries are swallowed by-the beds girls-write their journals from.”

This further strengthens the notion that whatever goes into the diaries is not important enough to tell the world, or to bother everyone else with (or rather that is how we should imagine it).

3. Use of Social Media

And while delving into the modern age of using social media including Tumblrs and Vlogs, the narrator tries to bring out the fact that today the things people previously kept private has now become a matter of public affair. The very existence of the diary and the diary keeping practice is therefore at stake.

Judgment of the piece of art

Amalia Ulman’s piece; Annals of-Private History shows originality in the use visuals and audio visuals through the use of day to day objects, illustrations, language, graphics and sounds to drive her point home.

While some might argue that what is seen in the video lacks originality as they have previously been used elsewhere, I feel the combination of the narration, music, animation etc. is what makes this piece original and unique from others that are in existence.

While doing this, she is able to bring our attention to the issues of rape, anxiety and inequality especially amongst the female members of the society, topics that have deeply plagued the society both in the past and now.

The use of subtitles in the lecture is also an effective tool as it enables the audience to follow the lecture even better by both listening, reading and viewing of the visuals adopted in the presentation. This is also an effective way of reaching an audience that might be hard of hearing or who might not be able to comprehend the narrator’s accent.

In summation, Annals of-Private History by Amalia Ulman is a piece that has achieved the intended purpose of the artist, as it sets an avenue for public debate on what society has for a long time considered less important. Issues to do with rape, inequality and mistrust amongst human beings is definitely one that are well tackled in this piece.

DEAL by Anne Imhof
art critique

Born in German, 1978, Anne Imhof was an artist who researched on the interactions of the humans.

She enacted her performance through performers to exhibit her work of art. She advocated for the rules which serve as the basis for the human interactions. Annie Imhof in her performance on January 17th and 18th, 2015 did an exhibition and performance that enables us to learn what composes a deal.


Dealing with all types of media, Anne Imhof appeals for human relations through interactions which are guided by the principles such as the secret codes, powered structures, and various unspoken rules.Anne Imhof as a well-established artist presented the human interactions which involved considering the evolving body as being consisted of main parts which are divided into two. At her representation at MoMA PS1, nine performers enacted separated movements, at a slow pace on a horizontal line.The enactment was repeated over and over each day relating this performance from the rest done in the past by Anne Imhof. The use of these elements was at a slower pace unlike on the other performances. The deal took place apart in two places at New York’s MoMA PS1, it was the long-form performance which took two days. She described it as infection in place of infinity depending on its duration.


The performance involved the use of a concrete basin in which the display is filled with buttermilk. This was mainly used to serve the function of currency on the performance. The show extended upon the movement and the figures which are used in the segment of the live event. Horizontal relationships were indicated by a wall-spanning artwork with a text. Imhof refers this to the agreement by the parties which are being involved in the deal. To reveal the trail of the body movements, four etchings placed on a relatively great sized aluminum panels.

Anne Imhof in the conviction does not accept regular occurrences between the live event, its related objects, and the documentation. According to Imhof all the parts used in the performance of the deal have the importance which is equal. With the aid of these components, a contribution to a multifaceted visible images in the process. Imhof uses an enormous Lamborghini with a blue aluminum panel, and she performs this by herself to complete an earlier event of public life deal.


The deal referred to as the etching ocean 3three from 2015, by Anne Imhof. The research was mainly evident on the notion of ideal physical interactions. These interactions can be viewed as illegal or legal and formal and informal .she commonly tries to bring to the peer groups codes and to inquire on the form of the power hierarchies. She makes her work to understood from different aspects. They are not determined by the duration that is in the example of performance and space. Some elements such as installation and sculptures are used initially or can be included during the performance. These are viewed as the contributors to the work of art and performance event and used to extend the space in performance.

Imhof achieves the reliance on the meaning of activity as production. This can be viewed in a perspective that it is generating some returns and one should not feel to have wasted time. Her multi-layered performed work of art was aiming to develop and widen the idea of performance. This was manifested through the movements which also involved body language, actions, music, and art, although these movements and language were choreographed into a well to do individual visual language which is subjected to constant change.

Annie Imhof’s way of working does not only do away with the actor-audience boundaries, but it also includes the aspects of internal manipulations of some communities; this can be through the groups of elders who govern the community, organized gangs, and ethnical groups. In this, these people have similar interests in both inner and outer circles which are created and purposely preserved for self-protection.


The performance by Imhof borrows the body language from the normal life; the gestures are in the deal which she presented. It involved performers who shared the stage with rabbits, which were viewed to be gigantic. Although in base she used a falcon, her work is punctuated by the use of built elements which makes an impression of sculptural quality which brings back their originality and their potential in the dream-like situations. The objects designed by Imhof on her work are later exhibited.

Annie Imhof makes expression of necessities to do with the contemporary art and the way in which its right to democracy as much as it’s abundance in business have caused it to move towards the line of production of items and objects which are easy and simple to consume, to conceive and to acquire. Through the experimental dimension, one acquires experience of work in performance of art which is commonplace for activities that bring about the success.

Imhof’s work is complicated, mostly silent, special studies in movement, actions and gesture and giving animal characterizations are among the components in the performance. The performers moved in conditions which were harsh, sodium light. They seemed too much concentrated on their activity as they sometimes come in pairs as groups; in this one could sense the loss of time. The communication is formalized and broken down as viewed by her objects in paintings and drawings. The etching stick can represent a message which stands for ulcer and probably representing an insight gained through suffering.


The deal was a performance which can be termed as illegal transactions as people struggle to obtain power as viewed in the performance there was the exchange of objects like the metal rod, there was hugging of each other and rolling on the floor..The use of rabbits as mythical creatures. In her work, she exposed the illegal transactions occurring in our daily lives for example; arm deals, drug dealing, and black market activities as they exist in the culture of their own.

In the exhibition, she mainly deals with the secret signs and rituals used in various communities. Imhof represents them trough videos, paintings, and sculpture. Through these performances, she evokes how power structures revolve around certain people and the rules they have set to protect their interests. All these are viewed through the transactions which are made physically. She raises the issue of social concerns where daily events in people’s lives are faced with circumstances which are in the form of deal where one might compromise the principles so as to enter into a deal with other parties. The components used in the performance clearly illustrates this perspective. The performance is repeated to put the emphasis on the fact that these deals are there each day.